Best practices for web development projects

Web development projects vary in complexity and length. Companies often

hire professionals to manage the development process.

In this blog post, we will go over web development best practices.

Start web development projects with
a plan

Define the Project Scope

For starters, clearly lay out what the web application will be about.
What purpose is it supposed to serve? What goals need to be met? Different
projects may be focused on selling, providing information, or social exchange.
For this reason, before you do anything else, you need to clearly define web
app’s purpose.

Gather Information:

Start by researching the competition. What features do they have and what
do their web apps lack? Is there something users complain about? This will help
you better understand the competitive market as well. More importantly, it’ll
help you create a website that looks better than anything else.

Create a Sitemap:

Once you have the general idea of a web application, create a list of all
pages in the web application. This way, it will be easier to create a
navigation system as well.

Design Wireframes

Wireframes help you visualize what the web app is going to look like.
Think of wireframes as sketches for animated films. These can be helpful to
understand your website and its features.

Choose Technology Stack

Next step is to decide what technology you’ll use to accomplish the goal.
Consider requirements of the project to make your decision. Make decisions on
programming language, framework, and other tech stacks you’re going to use.

Develop a Timeline:

Come up with a list of web development tasks that will need to be
completed. Then work with senior developers to estimate how long each task will
take. In web development, something always goes wrong. Adjust your plans

Plan Content

Web application is nothing without some content. Once you make important
decisions about the web app, create plans for pieces of contents to fill pages.
Make sure your content fits on each page. It should be compatible with web

Design and Development

Finalize the design. Coming up with a design is more complicated than
simple drawings. You need to come up with your brand visuals to ensure
consistency. Once you have the design, you can start the web development
process – creating actual web pages users can interact with.


Testing is a key part of building a reliable web application. Otherwise
code and overall application is going to be too unpredictable. Testing involves
unit testing, finding and fixing broken links, looking at browser and device
compatibility, and so on.

Launch and Maintenance

Once everything is working perfectly, it’s time to launch the website.
But the work doesn’t stop here. Regular maintenance, such as updating content
and fixing bugs, is necessary to keep the website relevant and functioning.

Prioritize Accessibility

Modern web applications should be built for everyone – including users
with disabilities. When building applications, you need to enable interactions
using non-traditional inputs. This is not a nice-to-have, but an essential
component of modern web applications. Here’s how to optimize apps for
accessibility in React.

First of all, use appropriate HTML elements when possible. This way,
assistive technologies can effectively decipher elements and content of your
page and help disabled users make use of it. For instance, use <button>
to perform button functionalities – respond to clicks, etc. You can use a
button and onClick event handler to specify scroll position of the view.
more here
. Do not use a simple <div> or even <span> to
accomplish the same.

Focus is an important part of interacting with a website. Good web
application needs to manage focus. Respond when elements get into focus, and
when they are no longer in focus.

Also, use the <label> element to properly assign labels to
every input element. This allows screen readers to help disabled users use
forms. These elements in React are almost the same as in HTML. Except in React,
we use the
instead of normal for attribute

Finally, choose color palette that works for color-blind people and
people who do not see well. It can be something simple like using green buttons
for ‘positive’ and red for ‘negative’. But there are many other ways to use
colors for communication.

Focus on UX

React is very popular because it makes room for modular design and
efficient development process. This approach helps designers and developers
collaborate and produce best results for building UIs.

Virtual DOM is React’s way of improving performance and speed. As a
result, React apps naturally offer smooth, responsive, and overall
user-friendly experience. React apps load immediately, users do not experience
delays when using the app.

Event handlers are key for ensuring smooth user experience. For example, you can use the onSubmit to clear
input fields after form is submitted.

Separation of Concerns

At first glance, it might seem like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are not
separated in React. Template language JSX allows for integration of HTML and
logic. In reality, JSX is just JavaScript. React separates logic and display
differently than you might expect.

React is based on the idea of reusable components and how to use them to
build the architecture. Every component contains separate sections for logic,
design, and markup. Still, JSX allows you to embed JavaScript expressions into
what looks like HTML markup.

Angular and Vue.js approach this differently. Logic and design are
separated into different files, or different sections of the same file.

Here’s how to achieve separation of concerns to achieve simple and
straightforward development process.

You can handle CSS design in a number of ways – using traditional CSS
files, modular approach, or style within JavaScript. Styled-components is a
nice example of a library that allows you to style elements in React.

Another way to separate logic from the layout is to create custom hooks
or use utilities like classnames() function in React.

It must be noted that separation of layout and logic doesn’t always lead
to shortest lines of code. Ultimately, the best way to organize your project
depends on needs of your web application and what it needs to accomplish.

Prioritize responsivity

Every modern web application needs to be responsive to make sure it runs
properly on any device, with screens large and small. That includes devices
like PC, laptop, tablet, smartphone, or even gaming consoles. Users don’t like
to scroll down, resize windows, or scroll across to see contents of the page.
Responsivity ensures they don’t have to. More and more people are using
smartphones to use web applications. Sometimes majority of your visitors are
going to be viewing your app on a small screen. In that case, responsivity
should be your N1 priority.

Responsivity can also increase search engine traffic. Google, Bing, and
majority of search engines evaluate responsivity to determine which pages to
show at the top. Responsive web apps tend to load faster as well, which is also
a positive SEO factor.

Building responsive web applications is also more efficient than building
separate apps for each device. As a result, you save a lot of money on
development costs of different apps.